Fossil Plants from the Tertiary to the recent geological past
The palaeobotanical collection of the Cenophytic era (in parallel to the Cenozoic era) comprises approximately 50,000 fossil plants. It focuses on the Central German lignite lagerstatten and the Tertiary floras from the Czech Republic. The value of this collection lies particularly in material from classic sites that are no longer accessible and in the more than 5,500 originals including 650 types.
Eocene and Miocene
Due to the proximity of the lignite lagerstatten, the focus of the collection lies in the Eocene and Miocene area. Material from the Geisel valley should be mentioned in particular. Large parts of the collection, originating from surface mining areas that have long been recultivated or flooded, have not yet been investigated. They would be a highly intriguing field for future research. This also applies for the historical parts of the collection, in particular
- the Cenozoic part of the Cotta collection (sorted in 1840 by E.A.Roßmäßler, the founder of Tertiary Palaeobotanics)
- the collections by R Kräusel and H. Weyland, A. Braun, O. Heer including many originals
The collection richest in types is the H.D. Mais collection (fossil seeds). With support of the EU-funded exchange programme "Synthesys", the classical and modern collections are used by fellow scientists from all over the world, mainly from the Czech Republic, Poland, Italy and Mexico.