Fossil Plants from the Triassic to the Cretaceous Period

The collection comprises 60,000 fossil plant remains from the Triassic up to the Cretaceous period. It contains approximately 500 figured specimens and 50 type specimens. The collection is the subject of research projects The oldest parts date back to the early 19th century.
The palaeobotanical collection comprises approximately 60.000 fossil plant remains such as leaves, twigs, cones, flowers and sporomorpha from the Triassic up to the Cretaceous period, including approximately 500 figured specimens and 50 type specimens. More items are continuously added to the collection, which is the focus of several research projects.

The plant remains originate from

Triassic, Central Europe
Lower Triassic (Buntsandstein) Thuringia; late Triassic (Keuper) from Central Germany (Thuringia, Harz foothills); Austria (Lunz) and Switzerland (Basel region)

Jurassic, Central Europe, subsections on Gondwana (Southern supercontinents) and Asia
Lias (Lower Jurassic) Franconia and Harz foothills; Romania (Anina) and Italy (Rotzo); Upper Jurassic England and France; Malm (Upper Jurassic) from Solnhofen, China and East Africa (Tendaguru)

Cretaceous, worldwide
Lower Cretaceous from Northern Germany and the Harz foothills (Wealden), Northern Spain, Brazil
Upper Cretaceous from Central Germany (Saxony, Harz foothills), Northern Bavaria and Western Germany (Aachen region), the Czech Republic, the Netherlands (Maastricht), Poland (Silesia), Bulgaria, Mongolia, North America

The oldest parts (early to mid-19th century) originate from Northern Germany, Silesia (Poland), Saxony, Thuringia and Franconia (Collections by Dunker, Carnall, Cotta, Spieker, Schönlein), including types of Pleuromeia (Spieker 1854).

Individual Collections
The largest individual collections comprise several hundred items. They include collections by Cotta, Dunker (Wealden Northern Germany), Debey (Upper Cretaceous), Gothan (Eurasia and Gondwana), Rühle v. Lilienstern (Keuper Thuringia), Knappe (Lower Cretaceous Harz foothills) and the Wiederoth Collection purchased in 2009, containing approximately 2500 items from the Lower Cretaceous in Northern Germany.

Cooperation has been established with scientists from Brazil, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden, supported in particular by the EU exchange programme Synthesys.

Last update: 21.05.2011