Johann Christoph Friedrich Klug

2. Director of the Zoological Museum from 1818–1856

  • *05.05.1775 Berlin, †03.02.1856 Berlin
  • 1795–1797 medical studies at the University of Halle
  • 1797 received his medical doctorate
  • 1798-1811 doctor for the poor in Berlin
  • ab 1805 member of the masonic lodge Zum flammenden Stern (1814-1820 Worshipful Master)
  • 1812-1820 city physician
  • 1823 medical advisor to the Berlin police headquarters
  • from 1828 director of the scientfic institution of public health
  • 1818 (until his death) professor for medicine and entomology at the philosphical faculty at the University of Berlin, also second director of the Zoological Museum of the University of Berlin and director of the Botanical Garden 
  • 1818 joined the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina

 

Work: Numerous monographs including two larger volumes: Entomologische Monographien (with 10 copper plates), Berlin 1824 and Jahrbücher der Insektenkunde, Berlin 1834

Remarks: Carl Ludwig Koch often cited arachnids from the Berlin collection as „Klug, Königl. Sammlung in Berlin“.

 

Carl Eduard Adolph Gerstaecker

Curator for entomology from 1857-1876

  • *30.08.1828 Berlin, †20.06.1895 Greifswald
  • 1847–1851 medical and scientific studies (especially zoology) at the University of Berlin
  • 1851 medical doctorate University of Berlin
  • 1853 assistent at the Zoological Museum of the University of Berlin 
  • 1855 philosophical doctorate at the University of Berlin
  • 1856 'Habilitation' for zoology
  • 1874 professor at the University of Berlin
  • 1876 professor at the University of Greifswald 
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WorkMonographie der Endomychiden, 1858; chapter „Arthropoda“ in Handbuch der Zoologie (with Wilhelm Peters and Julius Victor Carus), 1863-1875; Abstract „Arthropoda“ in H.G. Bronns Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs (Band 5, 1. Abteilung, 1866-79, 1901; not finished)

Remarks: His most significant arachnid work was: Gliederthierfauna des Sansibargebietes. In.: von der Decken, C.C. (Hrsg.). Reisen in Ost-Afrika in den Jahren 1859-1865. C. F. Winter, Leipzig & Heidelberg. 3, 461-503.

 

Ferdinand Anton Karsch

 Curator for entomology from 1889–1921

  • *02.09.1853 Münster, †20.12.1936 Berlin
  • received his doctoral degree at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-University
  • 1878 assistent at the Zoological Museum Berlin 
  • 1881 Employment at the Agricultural University of Berlin
  • 1895 professorship
  • 1915 quits his job as lecturer at the Agricultural University of Berlin
  • Lives openly homosexual during the last years of his life
  • Dies in 1936 of pleurisy

 

Work: a.o. catalogue of spiders in Westphalia (between 1873 and 1893), editor of the journal 'Berliner Entomologische Nachrichten' and 'Entomologische Zeitschrift' as well as later work about homosexuality in humans and animals.

Remarks: Karsch described many new species of arachnids and myriapods

 

Friedrich Dahl

 Curator 1898–1922

  • *24.06.1856 Rosenhoferbrok in Holstein, †29.06.1929 Greifswald
  • studies in Leipzig, Freiburg, Berlin and Kiel
  • 1887 'Habilitation' in Kiel
  • 1896–1897 research trips to the Bismarck Archipelago
  • 1887–1897 lecturer at the University of Kiel
  • 1889 participation in the Plankton–Expedition of the Alexander–von–Humboldt–Stiftung
  • as of 01.04.1898 first direct curator for arachnids and myriapods at the Zoological Museum of the Friedrich–Wilhelm–University (joined the museum under his former teacher Karl Möbius)
  • 19.06.1899 married Maria Johanna Dahl (maiden name: Grosset)

 

Work: a.o. he established the scientific book series: Die Tierwelt Deutschlands (could only work on it himself a short period of time); Anleitung zu zoologischen Beobachtungen. In: Wissenschaft und Bildung. Band 61. 2., verbesserte Auflage. Quelle & Meyer, Leibzig 1929; Tiergeographie. In: Enzyklopädie der Erdkunde. Teil 10. F. Deuticke, Wien 1925.

 

Erich Karl Hesse

 Curator 1922–1940

  • *25.11.1874 Leipzig, missing as of May 1945
  • 1894–1899 studies at the University of Leipzig
  • 1899 received his philosophical doctorate at the University of Leipzig
  • 1909–1911 assistent at the Imperial Biological Institute for Agriculture and Forestry, Berlin–Dahlem
  • 1911–1916 scientific assistent in the ornithological department of the Zoological Museum (under A. Reichenow)
  • 1916–1918 curator of the collections of the Leipziger Zoological Institute
  • 1918–1922 again scientific assistent (ornithology) at the Naturkundemuseum in Berlin and curator of the exhibition collections at the Naturkundemuseum 
  • 1921 did not suceed A. Reichenow as as curator of ornithology
  • as of 1922 curator of the arachnid department

Work: Hesse, E. 1937. Die Arachnoidenfauna des Naturschutzgebietes Bellinchen (Oder). Märkische Tierwelt, 3: 99-107.

 

Alfred Kästner

Curator 1946–1949

  • *17.05.1901 Leipzig, †03.07.1971 München
  • 1924–1929 studied at the University of Leipzig
  • 1929 received his philosophical doctorate (under Meisenheimer)
  • 1930–1941 employed at the Naturkundemuseum in Stettin (first as assistent, later as curator)
  • 1946–1949 curator for the arachnological department at the Naturkundemuseum in Berlin
  • 1949 temporary director of the Naturkundemuseum in Berlin
  • 1951–1957 director at the Naturkundemuseum in Berlin
  • 1957–1957 professor for special zoology at the University of Munich and first director of the Bavarian State Scientific Collections

Work: o.a. Bau und Funktion der Fächertracheen einiger Spinnen. Springer, Berlin 1929; Lehrbuch der spezielen Zoologie. Two volumes, 1955 und 1963

 

Wolfgang Crome

Curator 1955–1967

  • *29.05.1927 Berlin, †24.05.1967 Berlin
  • 1946–1950 biological studies at the Humboldt–University Berlin (student of Alfred Kästner)
  • 1950 'Magister' exam
  • 1951 assistent at the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
  • 1953 received his doctoral degree (respiration
  • and circulation of Argyroneta aquatica)
  • 1953 senior assistant at the Museum für Naturkunde
  • 1955–1967 curator for arachnids and myriapods at the Museum für Naturkunde

Work: o.a.: Taranteln, Skorpione und Schwarze Witwen: Ein Streifzug durch das Reich der "giftigen" Spinnentiere Wittenberg & Umgebung, A. Ziemsen Verlag, 1956. 1. Auflage Neue Brehm–Bücherei, Die Wasserspinne, Leipzig, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft/Wittenberg, A. Ziemsen Vlg., 1951; Coauthor of Urania Tierreichband 2: Wirbellose 2.

 

Manfred Moritz

Curator 1967–1996

  • *12.09.1931 Obrawalde [Polen]
  • 1951–1956 studied at the Ernst–Moritz–Arndt–University in Greifswald
  • 1956 scientific assistent at the University of Greifswald
  • 1961 received his doctoral degree (Dr. rer. nat.) with honors at the Ernst–Moritz–Arndt–University in Greifswald
  • 1962 research visit to the Zoological Systematical Institute in Budapest (studies of oribatid mites under Prof. Janos Balogh)
  • 1967–1996 curator of the arachnological department at the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin 

Work: Numerous type catalogues for the arachnids and myriapods at Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (see Type catalogues); papers about the systematics and ecology of oribatid mites: e.g. 1962. Populationsdynamik der Oribatidengemeinschaft (Acarina) eines norddeutschen Erlen–Eschenbruchwaldes. Biologische Beiträge, 1: 246–247. 1963. Über die Oribatidengemeinschaft (Acari: Oribatei)  norddeutscher Laubwaldböden, unter besonderer Berüchsichtigung der die Verteilung regelnden Milieubedingungen. Pedobiologia, 3: 142–243, 1963.

Last update: 19.12.2011