Fossil Mammals

The Fossil Mammals collection currently contains 80,000 macro objects and around 1 million fossil remains of small mammals. The database so far contains 36,500 items, including 41 types and more than 1,500 originals. The hominid section comprises approximately 500 items, including 20 originals.

Important Parts of the Fossil Mammal Collection

  • Upper Jurassic remains from Tendaguru (Tanzania, Collection Heinrich)
  • Tertiary mammals from China (Collection V. Richthofen)
  • Early cetaceans (Basilosaurus, Zygorhiza, Pontogeneus) from the Eocene, Alabama, USA (Collection Koch)
  • Remains from Palaeogene limonite rock fissures in Southern Germany (Collection Dietrich)
  • Palaeogene fossils from Mottakam and Fayum (Egypt, Collection Schweinfurth), Pliocene fossils from Pikermi and Samos (Greece, Collection Krüper)
  • Pliocene beavers from Tegelen (the Netherlands, Collection Krause)
  • Pliocene and Pleistocene mammals from the Serengeti and from Olduvai (Collections Reck and Kohl-Larsen)
  • Pleistocene giant sloths from South America (Collections Humboldt and Sellow)
  • Pleistocene fauna of Java (Indonesia, Collection Selenka)
  • Pleistocene cave bears from Western and Southern Germany (Collection Rosenmüller)
  • a large number of remains of extinct elephants from what is known as Rixdorf Horizon in Berlin and Brandenburg

The small hominid collection is kept separate from the mammal collection. It mainly contains casts of skulls, Palaeolithic tools and an original tooth of Australopithecus afarensis from the Southern Serengeti (Tanzania).

Last update: 03.03.2014